A lot of people think, bleeding during brushing is normal, and that getting periodontal disease is just a part of getting older. Gum disease can start at a young age due to insufficient and improper hygiene. The first sign of early gum disease (gingivitis) is bleeding. The areas that are bleeding during brushing should be given further attention and should be well cleaned. If not, periodontal pockets will start to form with a time.
What is gingivitis?
On unremoved dental plaque and tartar body responds with inflammation of gums. Early stage of gum inflammation is called gingivitis. If you do not start with early treatment, gingivitis can progress to periodontal disease, which can begin to show after a month of poor oral hygiene. Periodontal disease is the main cause of tooth loss after 35 years and caries before 35 years of age.
What causes gingivitis?
Gingivitis does not appear spontaneously. The main cause of gingivitis is mostly an unremoved dental plaque and can occur after a three- to four-day presence. Tooth surfaces near bleeding gums need to be thoroughly cleaned, because otherwise plaque accumulates more and more and disease can progress. Dental plaque irritates gums, because it contains a lot of bacteria, that are increasingly proliferating. Plaque which is present around the gums for two days or more can trigger bleeding.
Other causes of gingivitis may be a lack of vitamin C. This is what we call scurvy and is rather rare in developed world. Gingivitis can occur in the context of hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause) and diseases, such as diabetes, leukemia or AIDS. Some drugs may cause an increased risk of developing gingivitis, as well as smoking, throat infections and emotional stress.
It can also be related to lack of vitamin A and certain minerals, such as calcium, potassium, sodium, iron and magnesium.
What are the signs and symptoms of gingivitis?
Ker so krvaveče dlesni ob ščetkanju in čiščenju medzobnih prostorov zelo pogosta težava, je veliko ljudi prepričanih, da je takšno stanje normalno. Pa vendar ni tako. Krvaveče dlesni so resni dejavnik, ki nakazuje na vnetje in ga je potrebno čim prej odstraniti.
Color change of the gums from pink into dark red.
Bleeding gums when brushing and flossing or spontaneous bleeding.
Since are bleeding gums during toothbrushing a common problem, many people believe, this is normal. But this is far from the truth. Bleeding gums are a serious factor that indicates inflammation of gums and must be removed as soon as possible.
How to treat gingivitis?
Gingivitis is treated by regular, correct and thorough oral hygiene (brushing with a soft toothbrush and use interdental brushes or dental floss). It is also necessary to remove dental tartar above and below the gum at your dentist’s office. Dentist will also redone all the surfaces that easily accumulate dental plaque, such as overhanging or rough dental fillings, overhanging edges of prosthetic material, etc. Mouthwash with chlorhexidine may be used only at the recommendation of a dentist for a short time, because of its side effects. Gingivitis can be completely cured and it does not leave any permanent damage if it is treated. In 1-2 weeks time, the gums heal, if the recommendations are taken into account.
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