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ORAL CANDIDIASIS

What is oral candidiasis?

Most people have in mouth fungus called Candida albicans. It is present as part of the normal oral flora and and as well as some other fungi, such as Candida tropicalis, glabrata, krusei and parapsilosis. Oral candidiasis is the opportunistic infection. This means, that it develops, if oral environment changes into one, that is even more perspective for thriving of such kind of fungi.

What are the causes?

Factors that increase the likelihood of over-proliferation of Candida and the appearance of candidiasis are some medications (antibiotics, corticosteroids, other immunosuppressive drugs), iron deficiency, diabetes, malignant diseases, decreased activity of the parathyroid glands, Addison’s disease, AIDS and local factors such as dry mouth, poor oral hygiene, smoking and wearing dentures.

What is the treatment?

Treatment of oral candidiasis comprises of treating the underlying disease, which caused overgrowth of Candida. Topical or systemic anti-fungal medications can be helpful. Try to stop or at least decrease amount of smoking, improve oral hygiene. It is also important to brush your tongue with toothbrush or tongue scraper. Dentist may recommend you rinsing mouth with chlorhexidine twice a day for two weeks.

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