Category Archives: Oral Diseases & Periodontics

PEELING LIPS?

The feeling of dry skin is bad, but dry, chapped lips are even worse. Find out what is causing peeling lips and how to treat the condition.
  1. Sun damage
  2. Wind exposure
  3. Cold weather
  4. Vitamin A, B, C deficiency
  5. Dry lips
  6. Frequent licking of lips
  7. Allergy to lip products 
  8. Anemia (hypochromic microcytic, iron deficiency)
  9. Dehydration
  10. Sjogren’s syndrome
  11. Diabetes
  1. DRINK WATER. Drink plenty of water. 
  2. USE LIP-BALM. Use lip balm that is wax-based and preferably contain any kind of butter (coconut, cocoa, …). They provide a protective covering to the lips from the harsh environment and the weather. 
  3. GOOD LIPSTICK. Don’t buy hyperallergenic lip cosmetics. 
  4. USE SUNSCREEN. Apply sunscreen cream or balm to your lip area. A lot of makeup, including the one for lips, contain sun protecting factor, so choose the one with an SPF of 45 or higher. 
  5. STOP BAD HABITS. Smoking or chewing tobacco, drinking alcohol, working with chemicals or fumes, etc., may irritate your lips and lead to peeling or cracking. Wear a face mask when you’re around strong smells or emissions. 
  6. GENTLE FACE CLEANING. Don’t wash your face with strong or harsh soap. Treat your lips gently to help care for this delicate skin.

 

AM I AT RISK FOR DEVELOPING GUM-RELATED PROBLEMS?

Complete self-exam and find out!

Thank you for completing self-exam. Congratulations!

You may be at low-risk for gum-related problems. Keep up the good work!

Thank you for completing self-exam. Be careful!

You may be at higher risk for gum-related problems. Speak to your dentist about a potential condition and its consequences.

Do your gums bleed when you brush your teeth?

Yes No

Have you been told by a dental professional that you have bone loss around your teeth?

Yes No

Have any teeth become loose (not due to a tooth trauma)?

Yes No

Have you had 7 or more permanent teeth extracted because of decay, looseness, or pain? (not counting wisdom or impacted teeth, or teeth knocked out by an accident or removed for orthodontics)

Yes No

Have you had or are you currently scheduled for a deep cleaning (scaling & root planing)?

Yes No

Have you had or are you currently scheduled for gum surgery (periodontal surgery)?

Yes No

The frequency that I use dental floss or another device to clean between my teeth is:

Never Daily Occasionally

The number of periodontal maintenance appointment(s) I have had in the last 24 months is: (exclude normal teeth cleaning appointments)

None/Don’t know 1-2 3-4 >5

What is your diabetic status?

Not Diabetic Diabetic, well controlled Diabetic, not controlled Diabetic, unknown control

Do you smoke cigarettes?

Never Former User < 1 pack per day 1 pack per day or more

ORAL CANCER AND WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

AM I AT RISK FOR ORAL CANCER?

Do a quick self-exam and check out!

Your Self Exam is now complete. Congratulations!

You are at low risk to develop oral cancer. Maintain healthy lifestyle and read more about this condition.

Your Self Exam is now complete. Be careful!

You are at greater risk to develop oral cancer. Reconsider your lifestyle and read more about this condition and how to prevent it.

Have you ever had oral cancer?

Yes No

Do you smoke cigarettes?

Never Former User < 1 pack per day 1 pack or more per day

Do you use chewing or smokeless tobacco?

Never Former User/Rarely Current User

Do you smoke cigars or pipes?

Never Former User/Rarely Current User

How many alcoholic drinks do you typically have in one week?

0 1 – 7 8 – 14 > 14

DRY MOUTH

DO YOU HAVE DRY MOUTH? FIND OUT HERE…

Answer a few quick questions to find out if you are at risk for dry mouth and learn more about this condition.

Thank you for completing self-exam. Be careful!

You may be at risk for dry mouth. Speak to your dentist about a potential condition and its consequences.

Thank you for completing self-exam. Congratulations!

Dry mouth doesn’t seem to be a problem for you. If you notice any change in your symptoms, talk to your dentist and learn more about proper oral care.

Do you take two or more medications daily?

YES NO

Does your mouth usually feel dry?

YES NO

Do you regularly eat or drink to keep your mouth moist?

YES NO

Do you get thirsty at night and get out of bed to drink?

YES NO

Does your mouth usually become drier when you speak?

YES NO

ARE YOU UNDER BIG STRESS AND HAVE PAINFUL GUM ULCERS?

What is acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis?

Acute necrotizing ulcerative gingivitis is a disease of periodontal tissues, characterized by destruction of the gum tissue at tooth’s necks, particularly in spaces between teeth. It can be extremely painful. Affected gums are yellow or white in the areas near tooth. Bleeding is also possible, specially if the zellowish white coat is removed from the gum surface. Potential accompanying symptoms are fever, bad breath and swollen lymph nodes. Read more

YOUNG AND ALREADY HAVING PERIODONTAL DISEASE?

What is aggressive periodontitis?

Aggressive periodontitis is known for it’s powerful inflammatory response in the organism. There is often found a small amount of dental plaque, with a difference from a chronic periodontitis. Destruction of bone is faster and larger. Aggressive periodontitis should be detected as soon as possible, since undetected disease over several years leads to irreversible situations.
Read more

BLEEDING GUMS

Do you have bleeding gums?

A lot of people think, bleeding during brushing is normal, and that getting periodontal disease is just a part of getting older. Gum disease can start at a young age due to insufficient and improper hygiene. The first sign of early gum disease (gingivitis) is bleeding. The areas that are bleeding during brushing should be given further attention and should be well cleaned. If not, periodontal pockets will start to form with a time. Read more

DIABETES AND ORAL HEALTH

What is gum disease?

Severe inflammation of the gums is called periodontal disease. Gums begin to recess from the teeth, which become optically elongated. Gum pockets that are present around the teeth are filled with bacterial plaque that is the main cause for disease. Advanced periodontal disease treat specialists called periodontists. Without treatment the infection progresses through time. Bone, which supports the teeth and holds them in place, is slowly dissolving and teeth start to wobble and finally fall out. Read more

PERIODONTAL DISEASE

What is periodontal disease?

Periodontal disease (periodontitis) of adults is advanced gum disease. It is manifesting as inflammation and disintegration of periodontal tissues, which are surrounding and supporting the teeth. Teeth can become loose, they can optically become longer because of receding gums and have periodontal pockets. In severe forms of a disease, gums may be painful, bleeding, swollen and ulcerated. If gums bleed spontaneously, this may be a sign for concern. There are still a lot of people who think, that teeth fall out because of ageing, but this is totally wrong. You can keep your teeth healthy until the old age, if you care for them well. Read more

ORAL CANDIDIASIS

What is oral candidiasis?

Most people have in mouth fungus called Candida albicans. It is present as part of the normal oral flora and and as well as some other fungi, such as Candida tropicalis, glabrata, krusei and parapsilosis. Oral candidiasis is the opportunistic infection. This means, that it develops, if oral environment changes into one, that is even more perspective for thriving of such kind of fungi.
Read more

APHTHOUS ULCERS

What are aphthous ulcers?

Aphthous ulcers are one of the most common diseases of oral mucosa. Ulcers are round or oval sores on the oral mucosa, they are shallow, surrounded with a red border and covered with yellowish coating of dead tissue. They can be very painful.  You can predicts aphthous ulcer will develop in a day or two, when itching pain starts.  Oral mucous is slightly swollen and red on the site where ulcer will occur. Read more

GEOGRAPHIC TONGUE

What is geographic tongue?

Geographic tongue is quite common benign condition that primarily affects tongue and rarely other oral mucous membranes (lips, cheeks, palate, gums). There may be more red lesions on the tongue, which are well delimited and surrounded by a slightly raised white border. Some of the lesions can also shed. They persist in one place for some time and then completely disappear and appear elsewhere. They can be present for weeks, months or years. There is no pain present. Together with geographic lesion there can also be fissures (fissured tongue). This condition can occur at any age, more commonly in women. It may also be linked with a skin disease psoriasis. No treatment is necessary. Read more

BURNING MOUTH SYNDROME

What is burning mouth syndrome?

Burning mouth syndrome (glossalgia, stomatodynia, stomatopyrosis) is a burning pain in the mouth without visible pathological changes of oral mucosa. The patient may also complain about change in taste, bad mouth odor and dry mouth. The most commonly are affected women between 55 and 60 years of age. Burning pain often occurs at the tip of the tongue. In patients with dentures as well on the hard palate, lips and gums. It rarely occurs on cheek mucosa, floor of the mouth or throat. Read more

MEDICINES AND IMPACT ON ORAL HEALTH

Can medicines affect oral health?

Many medicines have adverse effects on the health of the oral cavity. These effects are usually short-lived and are reduced soon after you stop taking the medicine. Your dentist should know, what medicines you are taking, including those you buy without a prescription. Read more

TONSILLAR STONES

What are tonsils?

Tonsils are special glands in the throat area. They are located on each side of the throat. They are built from tissue that is containing lymphocytes, which are involved in the fight against infectious agents and are an important part of the immune system. They trap bacteria and viruses. Read more

HOW TO EASE PAINFUL AND INFLAMED GUMS?

What is gum disease?

Inflammation of gums, such as gingivitis or periodontal disease represent infection of the gums, which may eventually lead to tooth loss. Bacteria from dental plaque reproduce and cause inflammation of gums. Over time, periodontal pockets are forming which are loosening teeth and in the late stages of disease, teeth can even fall out. Gums can be painful and they can bleed spontaneously or during brushing. There are several ways to facilitate such pain, but the most important thing is, to eliminate the cause of pain and not just to alleviate it. Bellow are described some techniques to alleviate the pain.

Read more

BITING IN CHEEKS, TONGUE OR LIPS

What are the signs of biting into oral mucosa?

Many people are faced with frequent biting of lips, cheeks or tongue. You may feel pain and see some bleeding from the wound. The next few days you have to be careful when chewing, because a slight swelling can occur, which can cause that you will bite yourself repeatedly once again in the same area. It is best to rinse the mouth with warm salt water. Read more

FISSURED TONGUE

What is fissured tongue?

Fissures are so-called furrows on the surface of the tongue. They appear at top and sides of tongue and do not spread to other mucous membranes. They may be differently deep, some even up to 6 millimeters. They can merge with each other, so they form a small lobules on the tongue. Read more

IS IT POSSIBLE TO KEEP TEETH INTO OLD AGE?

Can elderly people maintain their own teeth?

Among people it is generally believed that with age we are losing vision, we get gray hair and we lose teeth. This belief is totally wrong, because with regular oral hygiene we can keep teeth healthy into old age. Today more and more people retain their teeth during old age. With the evolution of science, dentists can make better dental fillings and prevention today has even greater success. People are more conscious about their oral health and they understand the need of a good oral hygiene. There are smaller numbers of tooth decay and dental fillings than in the past. Read more

TONGUE SCRAPER

Is it necessary to clean the tongue?

Cleaning the tongue is useful especially in the presence of an existing bad breath. The most common cause of bad breath is dental plaque on teeth and tongue. Cleaning the tongue may help to reduce bad breath, because it will remove food residues, bacteria, yeasts, dead cells from the surface. Tongue is made of many small buds that are favorable environment for growing oral bacteria. Food accumulates and stagnates in these small recesses and is then slowly degrading in addition, the bacteria continuously produce the sulfur compounds, which are also responsible for unpleasant odor of mouth. Read more

SMOKING AND INFLUENCE ON ORAL HEALTH

Can smoking harm oral health?

Cigarette smoke contains toxic and carcinogenic substances that are harmful to smokers and passive smokers. There is no safe tobacco use and not safe boundaries for its use. A larger number of cigarettes smoked, the greater the risk of adverse effects on health. Smoking has also many negative effects on oral health, some of which are listed bellow. Read more

ALCOHOL AND INFLUENCE ON ORAL HEALTH

What are effects of alcohol on oral health?

Alcoholism can also cause problems in the aspect of oral health. It has been proven that people, who are dependent on alcohol, perform oral hygiene that is less frequently and more poorly.
Frequent contact of alcohol with oral mucosa causes increased risk for oral cancer. People who drink a lot of alcohol tend to have gums that bleed more severely. The cause is often in altered function of the liver, since liver normally produce substances that are necessary for the formation of a blood clot. Wounds heal more difficult and slower and are more susceptible to various infections. Read more

INTERDENTAL BRUSHES

Is it really necessary to use interdental brushes?

With normal toothbrush you can clean well only some areas of the tooth, but if you want to remove dental plaque also from interdental spaces, you can do it only with help of interdental brushes or dental floss. Interdental brushes are designed to optimally fill in the interdental space and mechanically remove dental plaque. Interdental spaces are sometimes kidney-shaped so only interdental brushes can reach those areas, even dental floss can’t. Read more

DENTAL HYGIENIST

Who is dental hygienist?

Dental hygienists are an important part of dental teams. They professionally clean your mouth and regularly remove tartar and soft dental plaque, they motivate and teach proper oral hygiene. Before dentist proceeds with any dental work in your mouth you need to have clean tooth surfaces. Oral hygienists detect and monitor potential periodontal disease and detect any changes in the initial oral mucosa. Visiting dental hygienist is particularly important for people, who have quick tartar buildup. Read more